A few days ago, an incident happened to me that has prompted the
writing of this article. I’m sure that if this is an issue for me and one
of my Web sites, it’s an issue for many others.
With my personal Web site, I use a nationally known Internet
Host provider to host it. They’ve hosted my site for years, and I
can’t really complain about their services (except that you can rarely
find a real “person” to talk to).
However, a few days ago, I wanted to give a good friend of mine,
Dave Barry, access to FTP into my Web site to download a particular file.
Rather than using an FTP program, he used IE (Internet Explorer) to FTP into
the site. The strange thing is, before I even gave him my username and
password, Dave was inside the server where my site is hosted!
Dave said that the server, and any sites hosted on that server,
were wide open for attack. He was able to see the System 32 Directory,
passwords, etc. The good news for me is that Dave is a Certified Internet
Webmaster Security Professional Instructor, so he knows exactly what he’s
talking about (and I don’t).
He ran a report to show the vulnerability of my Web site. That
report indicated that there were seven high risk vulnerabilities, four medium
risk, and two low risk. It also said that it was imperative that I take
immediate action in fixing the security issues of the network.
Now isn’t this a comforting thought, especially since
I’ve never questioned the security of my Web site? I use one of the top
Web hosting firms in the country. This problem should NOT have happened.
I contacted the hosting company, and they’re checking into
it. At one point, they said, “A little further research on my part found
that anonymous FTP is erroneously enabled on your website.” Then, in a
later e-mail, they changed their mind, “I did misspeak last night when I
said that anonymous access was enabled, as I could not upload any files at all,
though I could view some directories and files, evidently some relatively
innocuous system data files.”
Dave disagreed, and he promptly sent me two files to prove how
vulnerable and insecure the system is. I sent them those files as well as the
security report Dave ran, and they’re continuing to look into it. To date
though, a week later, they still haven't gotten back with me on it.
In my case, though this is a very disturbing situation, it
isn’t the end of the world. I don’t sell anything on my Web site
– it’s there for informational purposes only.
But, for those of you who actually sell goods or services over
the Internet, this could be a huge, and extremely distressing, problem. As Dave
said, “I could crash the entire server in a matter of minutes.” But,
he’s one of the good guys wearing a white hat, not a hacker. He’s
also responsible for 40+ Web sites through his company, all of which are
What can you do to protect your own Web site?
Now that we know how serious a problem this can be, let’s
look at some ways you can protect your Web site.
1. Contact a security expert like Dave Barry and have him run a
security audit on your Web site. Visit Computer Concierge and complete the FREE
Website security report. Find out what your Web site security vulnerabilities
are, and learn what needs to be done to fix them.
2. If the security audit on your Web site proves that you have
security issues, and if your host provider can’t give you a logical
explanation, move your site to a different hosting company. I’m going to
move my personal site to Combustion Hosting, where security is a #1 priority,
and where I can get personal attention and support.
3. Ask your current hosting company about their security
policies. Then, point them to this URL, which lists The Top 20 Most Critical
Internet Security Vulnerabilities. This list was compiled by a list of
security experts from the FBI and the SANS Institute. Though you may not be
able to understand much of the report, your hosting company will. Not only does
the report list the security risks, but it also gives solutions to the
4. If you’re a “do it yourselfer,” visit the U.S.
Department of Energy’s site which offers a listing of tools for security
5. Or, consider Retina, which provides excellent security
6. SecureNet Solutions also offers products that will run
vulnerability reports for you.
The main thing is to learn from my “mistakes” and
don’t be caught off guard. If you’re using a hosting company to host
your Web site, make darn sure that the server and your Web site are secure.
Visit Computer Concierge for a free security audit. Then, go with a reputable
hosting company who places the utmost importance on security, like
Remember: Your Web site is your online business.
Don’t you lock the door and secure the windows of your “brick and
mortar” business? Do you have an alarm system? Don’t you think
it’s important to do the same with your online business?